When the orchestra broke up, Hudson travelled to New York where the promoter and editor Irving Mills hired him as an arranger and compositor. By then, he already had great reputation and had made many recordings, of which twenty nine reached first place. Cab Calloway Orchestra. Benny Goodman Orchestra. The Casa Loma Orchestra. Kenny Sergeant voc. Duke Ellington Orchestra.
Benny Goodman Quartet. Pictures Orchestra. Jimmy Rushing , Basie's male vocalist, called her unprofessional. According to All Music Guide, Holiday was fired for being "temperamental and unreliable". She complained of low pay and poor working conditions and may have refused to sing the songs requested of her or change her style.
This association placed her among the first black women to work with a white orchestra, an unusual arrangement at that time. This was also the first time a black female singer employed full-time toured the segregated U.
South with a white bandleader. In situations where there was a lot of racial tension, Shaw was known to stick up for his vocalist. In her autobiography, Holiday describes an incident in which she was not permitted to sit on the bandstand with other vocalists because she was black. In Louisville, Kentucky, a man called her a "nigger wench" and requested she sing another song.
Holiday lost her temper and had to be escorted off the stage. Because of their success, they were given an extra time slot to broadcast in April, which increased their exposure. The New York Amsterdam News reviewed the broadcasts and reported an improvement in Holiday's performance.
Metronome reported that the addition of Holiday to Shaw's band put it in the "top brackets". Holiday could not sing as often during Shaw's shows as she could in Basie's; the repertoire was more instrumental, with fewer vocals. Shaw was also pressured to hire a white singer, Nita Bradley, with whom Holiday did not get along but had to share a bandstand. Although Shaw admired Holiday's singing in his band, saying she had a "remarkable ear" and a "remarkable sense of time", her tenure with the band was nearing an end.
This may have been the last straw for her. She left the band shortly after. Holiday spoke about the incident weeks later, saying, "I was never allowed to visit the bar or the dining room as did other members of the band Because she was under contract to a different record label and possibly because of her race, Holiday was able to make only one record with Shaw, "Any Old Time". By the late s, Holiday had toured with Count Basie and Artie Shaw, scored a string of radio and retail hits with Teddy Wilson, and became an established artist in the recording industry.
Her record label, Vocalion, listed the single as its fourth-best seller for the same month, and it peaked at number 2 on the pop charts, according to Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories: — Holiday was recording for Columbia in the late s when she was introduced to " Strange Fruit ", a song based on a poem about lynching written by Abel Meeropol , a Jewish schoolteacher from the Bronx.
Meeropol used the pseudonym "Lewis Allan" for the poem, which was set to music and performed at teachers' union meetings. She performed it at the club in ,  with some trepidation, fearing possible retaliation. She later said that the imagery of the song reminded her of her father's death and that this played a role in her resistance to performing it. During the song's long introduction, the lights dimmed and all movement had to cease.
As Holiday began singing, only a small spotlight illuminated her face. On the final note, all lights went out, and when they came back on, Holiday was gone.
She recorded it again for Verve. The Commodore release did not get any airplay, but the controversial song sold well, though Gabler attributed that mostly to the record's other side, " Fine and Mellow ", which was a jukebox hit. Holiday's popularity increased after "Strange Fruit". She received a mention in Time magazine. I needed the prestige and publicity all right, but you can't pay rent with it. She also recorded her version of " Embraceable You ", which was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in She used money from her daughter while playing dice with members of the Count Basie band, with whom she toured in the late s.
Fagan began borrowing large amounts from Holiday to support the restaurant. Holiday obliged but soon fell on hard times herself. Mom turned me down flat. She wouldn't give me a cent. With Arthur Herzog, Jr. It reached number 25 on the charts in and was third in Billboard ' s songs of the year, selling over a million records.
He said she came up with the line "God bless the child" from a dinner conversation the two had had. Because she was under contract to Columbia, she used the pseudonym "Lady Day". He signed Holiday to Decca on August 7, , when she was The success and distribution of the song made Holiday a staple in the pop community, leading to solo concerts, rare for jazz singers in the late s.
Gabler said, "I made Billie a real pop singer. That was right in her. Billie loved those songs. The record's flip side was " No More ", one of her favorites. Such arrangements were associated with Frank Sinatra and Ella Fitzgerald. I begged Milt and told him I had to have strings behind me. The musical director, Toots Camarata , said Holiday was overwhelmed with joy. Her s recordings with Wilson used a small jazz combo; recordings for Decca often involved strings. She wrote "Don't Explain" after she caught her husband, Jimmy Monroe, with lipstick on his collar.
Holiday did not make any more records until August , when she recorded "Don't Explain" for a second time, changing the lyrics "I know you raise Cain" to "Just say you'll remain" and changing "You mixed with some dame" to "What is there to gain? In , Holiday recorded " Good Morning Heartache ". Although the song failed to chart, she sang it in live performances; three live recordings are known. Plagued by racism and McCarthyism , producer Jules Levey and script writer Herbert Biberman were pressed to lessen Holiday's and Armstrong's roles to avoid the impression that black people created jazz.
The attempts failed because in Biberman was listed as one of the Hollywood Ten and sent to jail. And very damn little of me. I know I wore a white dress for a number I did Holiday's drug addictions were a problem on the set. She earned more than one thousand dollars per week from club ventures but spent most of it on heroin.
Her lover, Joe Guy , traveled to Hollywood while Holiday was filming and supplied her with drugs. Guy was banned from the set when he was found there by Holiday's manager, Joe Glaser.
These 'n' That 'n' Those. Teddy Wilson. These'n' That'n' Those. Life Begins When You're in Love. It's Like Reaching for the Moon. The Way You Look Tonight. That's Life I Guess. He Ain't Got Rhythm. I'll See You in My Dreams. This Is My Last Affair. Sentimental and Melancholy. The Mood That I'm In. Mean to Me matrix no.
I'll Never Be the Same. I'll Never Be The Same. A Sailboat in the Moonlight. Billie Holiday and Her Orchestra. Duke Ellington and His Orchestra — Duke Ellington and His Orchestra. Airegin, — Sonny Rollins. Dexter Gordon Quartet. Eric Dolphy. Count Basie Ain't Misbehavin. Fats Waller and His Rhythm. Satchmo Meets Big T. Burlesque in Jazz. Let's Get Lost. Chet Baker. Miles Davis - Evolution of a Genius. Miles Davis - Evolution of a Genius The New Orleans Jazz Scene of the 50's.
Lionel Hampton. Bessie Smith. Count Basie and His Orchestra — Intermission Riff. Harmonic movement is largely in an ascending circle of fourths , or with descending chromatic substitutions, but there is also movement between thirds or between major and minor seventh chords. Minor seventh chords are often played in first inversion in this tune, and may therefore be thought of and notated as six chords of the relative major.
Rhythmically "Moonglow" is in 4 4 time. It is a foxtrot , typically played at a slow tempo, although some performers, notably Art Tatum , have played it faster. Fancy Free four rpm records. A Recital by Billie Holiday.
The Sound of Jazz various artists.The discography of Billie Holiday consists of 12 studio albums, three live albums, 24 compilations, six box sets, and 38 singles.. Holiday recorded extensively for six labels: Columbia Records (on its subsidiary labels Brunswick Records, Vocalion Records, and Okeh Records), from through ; Commodore Records in and ; Decca Records from through ; briefly for Aladdin.